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如何一步步使用国内yum源一键安装openstack-ocata版本基于centos7

木直 2019-01-21 22:44:00 阅读数:261 评论数:0 点赞数:0 收藏数:0

写在前面的话,在网上看了一个国外的一键安装视频,我也照着做,结果出现很多错误,现在把坑解决了,照着做肯定能安装成功的

环境

virtualhost 下的centos7

配置

双网卡 一个10网段,nat通信用 一个192网段 和宿主机通信使用

2c 这个测试部署的话,不是强要求,我部署后CPU也就占20%

5.4G内存 我的宿主机也就8G内存 配到这个数据已经很卡了 再次PS 

安装完成要占用约5G左右的内存

部署

由于我的是nat 网络,所以先配置双网卡,否则部署后,不能正常访问openstack的管理网页,因为需要修改到这个参数,这个到后面再说

双网卡配置略过,自己在网上查吧很多的。实在找不到就留言

正式开始

1-设置yum源01_setyum.sh(非常重要,虽然出了openstack 专用的yum源,但那不是咱们能用的),我做成了脚本样子的,直接拷贝拿去用,镜像源用的是清华源,因为阿里源有的包跳转到404的链接还在上面,后面一键安装的时候就会坑哭你,亲测。。都是泪。脚本正文如下

#创建备份路径
mkdir -p /etc/yum.repos.d/bak_tmp/
#移走当前的所有源,为什么?因为一键安装会乱跳,跳到不能用的就报错,然后你就安装失败
mv /etc/yum.repos.d/*.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/bak_tmp/
#创建yum 文件
touch /etc/yum.repos.d/centos-tuna.repo
#导入镜像内容到yum文件中
cat >>/etc/yum.repos.d/centos-tuna.repo << EOF
#CentOS-Base.repo
#
# The mirror system uses the connecting IP address of the client and the
# update status of each mirror to pick mirrors that are updated to and
# geographically close to the client. You should use this for CentOS updates
# unless you are manually picking other mirrors.
#
# If the mirrorlist= does not work for you, as a fall back you can try the
# remarked out baseurl= line instead.
#
#
[base]
name=CentOS-\$releasever - Base
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos/\$releasever/os/\$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=\$releasever&arch=\$basearch&repo=os
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7
#released updates
[updates]
name=CentOS-\$releasever - Updates
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos/\$releasever/updates/\$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=\$releasever&arch=\$basearch&repo=updates
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7
#additional packages that may be useful
[centosplus]
name=CentOS-\$releasever - Plus
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos/\$releasever/centosplus/\$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=\$releasever&arch=\$basearch&repo=centosplus
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7
[cloud]
name=CentOS-\$releasever - Cloud
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos/\$releasever/cloud/\$basearch/openstack-ocata/
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0
[paas]
name=CentOS-\$releasever - paas
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos/\$releasever/paas/\$basearch/openshift-origin13/
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0
[kvm]
name=CentOS-\$releasever - kvm
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos/\$releasever/virt/\$basearch/kvm-common/
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0
EOF
#清除yum缓存
yum clean all
#重新做yum 缓存
yum makecache

2-配置环境 02_setenv.sh

cat >/etc/environment <<EOF
LANG=en_US.utf-8
LC_ALL=en_US.utf-8
EOF
systemctl disable firewalld
systemctl stop firewalld
systemctl disable NetworkManager
systemctl stop NetworkManager
systemctl enable network
systemctl restart network

3-安装一键部署包 03_set_openstack-packstack.sh

yum -y update
yum install -y openstack-packstack
#报错无法安装openstack-selinux 没有相关依赖包,通过增加paas 镜像源解决
yum install -y openstack-selinux
yum -y install wget
#--提示缺少libLibev.so.4()(64bit)
wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/epel-7.repo
yum -y install libev
#有可能yum源混乱了,所以重新执行yibian
mkdir -p /etc/yum.repos.d/bak_tmp_1 mv /etc/yum.repos.d/*.repo /etc/yum.repo.d/bak_tmp_1/ mv /etc/yum.repos.d/bak_tmp_1/centos-tuna.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/ yum clean all
yum makecache
#解决python-werkzeug 不在cloud源,在virt里面,所以找不到此包 wget -O /root/python-werkzeug-0.9.1-1.el7.noarch.rpm
https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos/7/virt/x86_64/ovirt-4.3/common/python-werkzeug-0.9.1-1.el7.noarch.rpm rpm -ivh /root/python-werkzeug-0.9.1-1.el7.noarch.rpm

执行到这里才完成一点点,为了保险。重新进入到yum文件夹

cd /etc/yum.repos.d/
ll
#确认当前只有一个centos-tuna.repo

确认完成执行最后一步安装操作,也就是出错最多的操作

#-d 表示debug 日志级别
packstack --allinone -d

安装成功的样例如下

比较长,就不展开了

[root@openstack-allinone yum.repos.d]# packstack --allinone -d
Welcome to the Packstack setup utility
The installation log file is available at: /var/tmp/packstack/20190121-202443-CWIVyN/openstack-setup.log
Installing:
Clean Up [ DONE ]
Discovering ip protocol version [ DONE ]
Setting up ssh keys [ DONE ]
Preparing servers [ DONE ]
Pre installing Puppet and discovering hosts' details [ DONE ]
Preparing pre-install entries [ DONE ]
Setting up CACERT [ DONE ]
Preparing AMQP entries [ DONE ]
Preparing MariaDB entries [ DONE ]
Fixing Keystone LDAP config parameters to be undef if empty[ DONE ]
Preparing Keystone entries [ DONE ]
Preparing Glance entries [ DONE ]
Checking if the Cinder server has a cinder-volumes vg[ DONE ]
Preparing Cinder entries [ DONE ]
Preparing Nova API entries [ DONE ]
Creating ssh keys for Nova migration [ DONE ]
Gathering ssh host keys for Nova migration [ DONE ]
Preparing Nova Compute entries [ DONE ]
Preparing Nova Scheduler entries [ DONE ]
Preparing Nova VNC Proxy entries [ DONE ]
Preparing OpenStack Network-related Nova entries [ DONE ]
Preparing Nova Common entries [ DONE ]
Preparing Neutron LBaaS Agent entries [ DONE ]
Preparing Neutron API entries [ DONE ]
Preparing Neutron L3 entries [ DONE ]
Preparing Neutron L2 Agent entries [ DONE ]
Preparing Neutron DHCP Agent entries [ DONE ]
Preparing Neutron Metering Agent entries [ DONE ]
Checking if NetworkManager is enabled and running [ DONE ]
Preparing OpenStack Client entries [ DONE ]
Preparing Horizon entries [ DONE ]
Preparing Swift builder entries [ DONE ]
Preparing Swift proxy entries [ DONE ]
Preparing Swift storage entries [ DONE ]
Preparing Gnocchi entries [ DONE ]
Preparing MongoDB entries [ DONE ]
Preparing Redis entries [ DONE ]
Preparing Ceilometer entries [ DONE ]
Preparing Aodh entries [ DONE ]
Preparing Puppet manifests [ DONE ]
Copying Puppet modules and manifests [ DONE ]
Applying 10.0.2.28_controller.pp
10.0.2.28_controller.pp: [ DONE ]
Applying 10.0.2.28_network.pp
10.0.2.28_network.pp: [ DONE ]
Applying 10.0.2.28_compute.pp
10.0.2.28_compute.pp: [ DONE ]
Applying Puppet manifests [ DONE ]
Finalizing [ DONE ]
**** Installation completed successfully ******
Additional information:
* A new answerfile was created in: /root/packstack-answers-20190121-202444.txt
* Time synchronization installation was skipped. Please note that unsynchronized time on server instances might be problem for some OpenStack components.
* File /root/keystonerc_admin has been created on OpenStack client host 10.0.2.28. To use the command line tools you need to source the file.
* To access the OpenStack Dashboard browse to http://10.0.2.28/dashboard .
Please, find your login credentials stored in the keystonerc_admin in your home directory.
* Because of the kernel update the host 10.0.2.28 requires reboot.
* The installation log file is available at: /var/tmp/packstack/20190121-202443-CWIVyN/openstack-setup.log
* The generated manifests are available at: /var/tmp/packstack/20190121-202443-CWIVyN/manifests
* Note temporary directory /var/tmp/packstack/503a14fac81b4a29937e3fc3f14381f5 on host 10.0.2.28 was not deleted for debugging purposes.
You have new mail in /var/spool/mail/root
View Code

失败的案例如下

Preparing Redis entries [ DONE ]
Preparing Ceilometer entries [ DONE ]
Preparing Aodh entries [ DONE ]
Preparing Puppet manifests [ DONE ]
Copying Puppet modules and manifests [ DONE ]
Applying 10.0.2.28_controller.pp
10.0.2.28_controller.pp: [ ERROR ]
Applying Puppet manifests [ ERROR ]
ERROR : Error appeared during Puppet run: 10.0.2.28_controller.pp
Error: Execution of '/usr/bin/yum -d 0 -e 0 -y install openstack-aodh-notifier' returned 1: Error downloading packages:
You will find full trace in log /var/tmp/packstack/20190121-193700-TbxiNW/manifests/10.0.2.28_controller.pp.log
Please check log file /var/tmp/packstack/20190121-193700-TbxiNW/openstack-setup.log for more information
Additional information:
* A new answerfile was created in: /root/packstack-answers-20190121-193701.txt
* Time synchronization installation was skipped. Please note that unsynchronized time on server instances might be problem for some OpenStack components.
* File /root/keystonerc_admin has been created on OpenStack client host 10.0.2.28. To use the command line tools you need to source the file.
* To access the OpenStack Dashboard browse to http://10.0.2.28/dashboard .
Please, find your login credentials stored in the keystonerc_admin in your home directory.
* Note temporary directory /var/tmp/packstack/ff08df80e03e49f49e802dd352ea13e0 on host 10.0.2.28 was not deleted for debugging purposes.
不要慌,检查你的文件夹下的yum 源,全部移除到备份文件夹
yum makecache
重新开始执行
View Code

部署成功后验证登陆,ip 为你自己虚拟机的ip,主要看

more /etc/httpd/15-hrion*.conf #记不清全拼了,找到这个文件
增加一个serveralias 192.168.x。x #宿主机和虚拟机能正常通信的IP
#重启
systemctl restart httpd

千辛万苦就是要看到这么一个图。爬坑也是花时间的,现在总结在这里。祝你们测试部署成功

登陆的账号密码在

--密码文件在root用户目录下
cat /root/keystonerc_admin
复制OS_USERNAME=admin
OS_PASSWORD=XXXX

结束语

这次的部署获益良多,要感谢阿里云yum源的一个功能,就是在页面可以支持搜索包,这样我就知道这个包在哪个文件夹下,也是感谢清华yum源的给力,通过在阿里yum搜索到的包,去清华yum源找到对应的页面 ,一步步配置到第一步设置的yum中。才能正常的安装这个一键安装包。否则在vpn的龟速下是很难正常完成一键部署的安装,这个一键部署的openstack 主要还是用来体会一下openstack是一个怎么样使用的。自己装一次,比看10次文档还印象深刻。

 

版权声明
本文为[木直]所创,转载请带上原文链接,感谢
https://www.cnblogs.com/muzhifei/p/10301417.html

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