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ffplay源码分析6-音频重采样

叶余 2019-01-24 09:34:00 阅读数:378 评论数:0 点赞数:0 收藏数:0

本文为作者原创,转载请注明出处:https://www.cnblogs.com/leisure_chn/p/10312713.html

ffplay是FFmpeg工程自带的简单播放器,使用FFmpeg提供的解码器和SDL库进行视频播放。本文基于FFmpeg工程4.1版本进行分析,其中ffplay源码清单如下:
https://github.com/FFmpeg/FFmpeg/blob/n4.1/fftools/ffplay.c

在尝试分析源码前,可先阅读如下参考文章作为铺垫:
[1]. 雷霄骅,视音频编解码技术零基础学习方法
[2]. 视频编解码基础概念
[3]. 色彩空间与像素格式
[4]. 音频参数解析
[5]. FFmpeg基础概念

“ffplay源码分析”系列文章如下:
[1]. ffplay源码分析1-概述
[2]. ffplay源码分析2-数据结构
[3]. ffplay源码分析3-代码框架
[4]. ffplay源码分析4-音视频同步
[5]. ffplay源码分析5-图像格式转换
[6]. ffplay源码分析6-音频重采样
[7]. ffplay源码分析7-播放控制

6. 音频重采样

FFmpeg解码得到的音频帧的格式未必能被SDL支持,在这种情况下,需要进行音频重采样,即将音频帧格式转换为SDL支持的音频格式,否则是无法正常播放的。
音频重采样涉及两个步骤:
1) 打开音频设备时进行的准备工作:确定SDL支持的音频格式,作为后期音频重采样的目标格式
2) 音频播放线程中,取出音频帧后,若有需要(音频帧格式与SDL支持音频格式不匹配)则进行重采样,否则直接输出

6.1 打开音频设备

音频设备的打开实际是在解复用线程中实现的。解复用线程中先打开音频设备(设定音频回调函数供SDL音频播放线程回调),然后再创建音频解码线程。调用链如下:

main() -->
stream_open() -->
read_thread() -->
stream_component_open() -->
audio_open(is, channel_layout, nb_channels, sample_rate, &is->audio_tgt);
decoder_start(&is->auddec, audio_thread, is);

audio_open()函数填入期望的音频参数,打开音频设备后,将实际的音频参数存入输出参数is->audio_tgt中,后面音频播放线程用会用到此参数,使用此参数将原始音频数据重采样,转换为音频设备支持的格式。

static int audio_open(void *opaque, int64_t wanted_channel_layout, int wanted_nb_channels, int wanted_sample_rate, struct AudioParams *audio_hw_params)
{
SDL_AudioSpec wanted_spec, spec;
const char *env;
static const int next_nb_channels[] = {0, 0, 1, 6, 2, 6, 4, 6};
static const int next_sample_rates[] = {0, 44100, 48000, 96000, 192000};
int next_sample_rate_idx = FF_ARRAY_ELEMS(next_sample_rates) - 1;
env = SDL_getenv("SDL_AUDIO_CHANNELS");
if (env) { // 若环境变量有设置,优先从环境变量取得声道数和声道布局
wanted_nb_channels = atoi(env);
wanted_channel_layout = av_get_default_channel_layout(wanted_nb_channels);
}
if (!wanted_channel_layout || wanted_nb_channels != av_get_channel_layout_nb_channels(wanted_channel_layout)) {
wanted_channel_layout = av_get_default_channel_layout(wanted_nb_channels);
wanted_channel_layout &= ~AV_CH_LAYOUT_STEREO_DOWNMIX;
}
// 根据channel_layout获取nb_channels,当传入参数wanted_nb_channels不匹配时,此处会作修正
wanted_nb_channels = av_get_channel_layout_nb_channels(wanted_channel_layout);
wanted_spec.channels = wanted_nb_channels; // 声道数
wanted_spec.freq = wanted_sample_rate; // 采样率
if (wanted_spec.freq <= 0 || wanted_spec.channels <= 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Invalid sample rate or channel count!\n");
return -1;
}
while (next_sample_rate_idx && next_sample_rates[next_sample_rate_idx] >= wanted_spec.freq)
next_sample_rate_idx--; // 从采样率数组中找到第一个不大于传入参数wanted_sample_rate的值
// 音频采样格式有两大类型:planar和packed,假设一个双声道音频文件,一个左声道采样点记作L,一个右声道采样点记作R,则:
// planar存储格式:(plane1)LLLLLLLL...LLLL (plane2)RRRRRRRR...RRRR
// packed存储格式:(plane1)LRLRLRLR...........................LRLR
// 在这两种采样类型下,又细分多种采样格式,如AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16、AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16P等,注意SDL2.0目前不支持planar格式
// channel_layout是int64_t类型,表示音频声道布局,每bit代表一个特定的声道,参考channel_layout.h中的定义,一目了然
// 数据量(bits/秒) = 采样率(Hz) * 采样深度(bit) * 声道数
wanted_spec.format = AUDIO_S16SYS; // 采样格式:S表带符号,16是采样深度(位深),SYS表采用系统字节序,这个宏在SDL中定义
wanted_spec.silence = 0; // 静音值
wanted_spec.samples = FFMAX(SDL_AUDIO_MIN_BUFFER_SIZE, 2 << av_log2(wanted_spec.freq / SDL_AUDIO_MAX_CALLBACKS_PER_SEC)); // SDL声音缓冲区尺寸,单位是单声道采样点尺寸x声道数
wanted_spec.callback = sdl_audio_callback; // 回调函数,若为NULL,则应使用SDL_QueueAudio()机制
wanted_spec.userdata = opaque; // 提供给回调函数的参数
// 打开音频设备并创建音频处理线程。期望的参数是wanted_spec,实际得到的硬件参数是spec
// 1) SDL提供两种使音频设备取得音频数据方法:
// a. push,SDL以特定的频率调用回调函数,在回调函数中取得音频数据
// b. pull,用户程序以特定的频率调用SDL_QueueAudio(),向音频设备提供数据。此种情况wanted_spec.callback=NULL
// 2) 音频设备打开后播放静音,不启动回调,调用SDL_PauseAudio(0)后启动回调,开始正常播放音频
// SDL_OpenAudioDevice()第一个参数为NULL时,等价于SDL_OpenAudio()
while (!(audio_dev = SDL_OpenAudioDevice(NULL, 0, &wanted_spec, &spec, SDL_AUDIO_ALLOW_FREQUENCY_CHANGE | SDL_AUDIO_ALLOW_CHANNELS_CHANGE))) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_WARNING, "SDL_OpenAudio (%d channels, %d Hz): %s\n",
wanted_spec.channels, wanted_spec.freq, SDL_GetError());
// 如果打开音频设备失败,则尝试用不同的声道数或采样率再试打开音频设备,这里有些奇怪,暂不深究
wanted_spec.channels = next_nb_channels[FFMIN(7, wanted_spec.channels)];
if (!wanted_spec.channels) {
wanted_spec.freq = next_sample_rates[next_sample_rate_idx--];
wanted_spec.channels = wanted_nb_channels;
if (!wanted_spec.freq) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR,
"No more combinations to try, audio open failed\n");
return -1;
}
}
wanted_channel_layout = av_get_default_channel_layout(wanted_spec.channels);
}
// 检查打开音频设备的实际参数:采样格式
if (spec.format != AUDIO_S16SYS) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR,
"SDL advised audio format %d is not supported!\n", spec.format);
return -1;
}
// 检查打开音频设备的实际参数:声道数
if (spec.channels != wanted_spec.channels) {
wanted_channel_layout = av_get_default_channel_layout(spec.channels);
if (!wanted_channel_layout) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR,
"SDL advised channel count %d is not supported!\n", spec.channels);
return -1;
}
}
// wanted_spec是期望的参数,spec是实际的参数,wanted_spec和spec都是SDL中的结构。
// 此处audio_hw_params是FFmpeg中的参数,输出参数供上级函数使用
audio_hw_params->fmt = AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16;
audio_hw_params->freq = spec.freq;
audio_hw_params->channel_layout = wanted_channel_layout;
audio_hw_params->channels = spec.channels;
audio_hw_params->frame_size = av_samples_get_buffer_size(NULL, audio_hw_params->channels, 1, audio_hw_params->fmt, 1);
audio_hw_params->bytes_per_sec = av_samples_get_buffer_size(NULL, audio_hw_params->channels, audio_hw_params->freq, audio_hw_params->fmt, 1);
if (audio_hw_params->bytes_per_sec <= 0 || audio_hw_params->frame_size <= 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "av_samples_get_buffer_size failed\n");
return -1;
}
return spec.size;
}

打开音频设备,涉及到FFmpeg中音频存储的基础概念,为稍显清晰,将相关注释摘抄如下:

6.1.1 音频格式相关

 **planar&packed**
音频采样格式有两大类型:planar和packed,假设一个双声道音频文件,一个左声道采样点记作L,一个右声道采样点记作R,则:
planar存储格式:(plane1)LLLLLLLL...LLLL (plane2)RRRRRRRR...RRRR
packed存储格式:(plane1)LRLRLRLR...........................LRLR
在这两种采样类型下,又细分多种采样格式,如AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16、AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16P等,注意SDL2.0目前不支持planar格式
SDL中定义音频参数数据结构定义如下: 
/**
* The calculated values in this structure are calculated by SDL_OpenAudio().
*
* For multi-channel audio, the default SDL channel mapping is:
* 2: FL FR (stereo)
* 3: FL FR LFE (2.1 surround)
* 4: FL FR BL BR (quad)
* 5: FL FR FC BL BR (quad + center)
* 6: FL FR FC LFE SL SR (5.1 surround - last two can also be BL BR)
* 7: FL FR FC LFE BC SL SR (6.1 surround)
* 8: FL FR FC LFE BL BR SL SR (7.1 surround)
*/
typedef struct SDL_AudioSpec
{
int freq; /**< DSP frequency -- samples per second */
SDL_AudioFormat format; /**< Audio data format */
Uint8 channels; /**< Number of channels: 1 mono, 2 stereo */
Uint8 silence; /**< Audio buffer silence value (calculated) */
Uint16 samples; /**< Audio buffer size in sample FRAMES (total samples divided by channel count) */
Uint16 padding; /**< Necessary for some compile environments */
Uint32 size; /**< Audio buffer size in bytes (calculated) */
SDL_AudioCallback callback; /**< Callback that feeds the audio device (NULL to use SDL_QueueAudio()). */
void *userdata; /**< Userdata passed to callback (ignored for NULL callbacks). */
} SDL_AudioSpec;
SDL音频格式定义如下: 
/**
* \brief Audio format flags.
*
* These are what the 16 bits in SDL_AudioFormat currently mean...
* (Unspecified bits are always zero).
*
* \verbatim
++-----------------------sample is signed if set
||
|| ++-----------sample is bigendian if set
|| ||
|| || ++---sample is float if set
|| || ||
|| || || +---sample bit size---+
|| || || | |
15 14 13 12 11 10 09 08 07 06 05 04 03 02 01 00
\endverbatim
*
* There are macros in SDL 2.0 and later to query these bits.
*/
typedef Uint16 SDL_AudioFormat;
/**
* \name Audio format flags
*
* Defaults to LSB byte order.
*/
/* @{ */
#define AUDIO_U8 0x0008 /**< Unsigned 8-bit samples */
#define AUDIO_S8 0x8008 /**< Signed 8-bit samples */
#define AUDIO_U16LSB 0x0010 /**< Unsigned 16-bit samples */
#define AUDIO_S16LSB 0x8010 /**< Signed 16-bit samples */
#define AUDIO_U16MSB 0x1010 /**< As above, but big-endian byte order */
#define AUDIO_S16MSB 0x9010 /**< As above, but big-endian byte order */
#define AUDIO_U16 AUDIO_U16LSB
#define AUDIO_S16 AUDIO_S16LSB
/* @} */
FFmpeg中定义音频参数的相关数据结构为: 
// 这个结构是在ffplay.c中定义的:
typedef struct AudioParams {
int freq;
int channels;
int64_t channel_layout;
enum AVSampleFormat fmt;
int frame_size;
int bytes_per_sec;
} AudioParams;
/**
* Audio sample formats
*
* - The data described by the sample format is always in native-endian order.
* Sample values can be expressed by native C types, hence the lack of a signed
* 24-bit sample format even though it is a common raw audio data format.
*
* - The floating-point formats are based on full volume being in the range
* [-1.0, 1.0]. Any values outside this range are beyond full volume level.
*
* - The data layout as used in av_samples_fill_arrays() and elsewhere in FFmpeg
* (such as AVFrame in libavcodec) is as follows:
*
* @par
* For planar sample formats, each audio channel is in a separate data plane,
* and linesize is the buffer size, in bytes, for a single plane. All data
* planes must be the same size. For packed sample formats, only the first data
* plane is used, and samples for each channel are interleaved. In this case,
* linesize is the buffer size, in bytes, for the 1 plane.
*
*/
enum AVSampleFormat {
AV_SAMPLE_FMT_NONE = -1,
AV_SAMPLE_FMT_U8, ///< unsigned 8 bits
AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16, ///< signed 16 bits
AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S32, ///< signed 32 bits
AV_SAMPLE_FMT_FLT, ///< float
AV_SAMPLE_FMT_DBL, ///< double
AV_SAMPLE_FMT_U8P, ///< unsigned 8 bits, planar
AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16P, ///< signed 16 bits, planar
AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S32P, ///< signed 32 bits, planar
AV_SAMPLE_FMT_FLTP, ///< float, planar
AV_SAMPLE_FMT_DBLP, ///< double, planar
AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S64, ///< signed 64 bits
AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S64P, ///< signed 64 bits, planar
AV_SAMPLE_FMT_NB ///< Number of sample formats. DO NOT USE if linking dynamically
};
 **channel_layout**
channel_layout是int64_t类型,表示音频声道布局,每bit代表一个特定的声道,参考channel_layout.h中的定义:
/**
* @defgroup channel_masks Audio channel masks
*
* A channel layout is a 64-bits integer with a bit set for every channel.
* The number of bits set must be equal to the number of channels.
* The value 0 means that the channel layout is not known.
* @note this data structure is not powerful enough to handle channels
* combinations that have the same channel multiple times, such as
* dual-mono.
*
* @{
*/
#define AV_CH_FRONT_LEFT 0x00000001
#define AV_CH_FRONT_RIGHT 0x00000002
#define AV_CH_FRONT_CENTER 0x00000004
#define AV_CH_LOW_FREQUENCY 0x00000008
#define AV_CH_BACK_LEFT 0x00000010
#define AV_CH_BACK_RIGHT 0x00000020
#define AV_CH_FRONT_LEFT_OF_CENTER 0x00000040
#define AV_CH_FRONT_RIGHT_OF_CENTER 0x00000080
#define AV_CH_BACK_CENTER 0x00000100
#define AV_CH_SIDE_LEFT 0x00000200
#define AV_CH_SIDE_RIGHT 0x00000400
#define AV_CH_TOP_CENTER 0x00000800
#define AV_CH_TOP_FRONT_LEFT 0x00001000
#define AV_CH_TOP_FRONT_CENTER 0x00002000
#define AV_CH_TOP_FRONT_RIGHT 0x00004000
#define AV_CH_TOP_BACK_LEFT 0x00008000
#define AV_CH_TOP_BACK_CENTER 0x00010000
#define AV_CH_TOP_BACK_RIGHT 0x00020000
#define AV_CH_STEREO_LEFT 0x20000000 ///< Stereo downmix.
#define AV_CH_STEREO_RIGHT 0x40000000 ///< See AV_CH_STEREO_LEFT.
#define AV_CH_WIDE_LEFT 0x0000000080000000ULL
#define AV_CH_WIDE_RIGHT 0x0000000100000000ULL
#define AV_CH_SURROUND_DIRECT_LEFT 0x0000000200000000ULL
#define AV_CH_SURROUND_DIRECT_RIGHT 0x0000000400000000ULL
#define AV_CH_LOW_FREQUENCY_2 0x0000000800000000ULL
/** Channel mask value used for AVCodecContext.request_channel_layout
to indicate that the user requests the channel order of the decoder output
to be the native codec channel order. */
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_NATIVE 0x8000000000000000ULL
/**
* @}
* @defgroup channel_mask_c Audio channel layouts
* @{
* */
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_MONO (AV_CH_FRONT_CENTER)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_STEREO (AV_CH_FRONT_LEFT|AV_CH_FRONT_RIGHT)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_2POINT1 (AV_CH_LAYOUT_STEREO|AV_CH_LOW_FREQUENCY)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_2_1 (AV_CH_LAYOUT_STEREO|AV_CH_BACK_CENTER)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_SURROUND (AV_CH_LAYOUT_STEREO|AV_CH_FRONT_CENTER)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_3POINT1 (AV_CH_LAYOUT_SURROUND|AV_CH_LOW_FREQUENCY)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_4POINT0 (AV_CH_LAYOUT_SURROUND|AV_CH_BACK_CENTER)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_4POINT1 (AV_CH_LAYOUT_4POINT0|AV_CH_LOW_FREQUENCY)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_2_2 (AV_CH_LAYOUT_STEREO|AV_CH_SIDE_LEFT|AV_CH_SIDE_RIGHT)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_QUAD (AV_CH_LAYOUT_STEREO|AV_CH_BACK_LEFT|AV_CH_BACK_RIGHT)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_5POINT0 (AV_CH_LAYOUT_SURROUND|AV_CH_SIDE_LEFT|AV_CH_SIDE_RIGHT)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_5POINT1 (AV_CH_LAYOUT_5POINT0|AV_CH_LOW_FREQUENCY)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_5POINT0_BACK (AV_CH_LAYOUT_SURROUND|AV_CH_BACK_LEFT|AV_CH_BACK_RIGHT)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_5POINT1_BACK (AV_CH_LAYOUT_5POINT0_BACK|AV_CH_LOW_FREQUENCY)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_6POINT0 (AV_CH_LAYOUT_5POINT0|AV_CH_BACK_CENTER)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_6POINT0_FRONT (AV_CH_LAYOUT_2_2|AV_CH_FRONT_LEFT_OF_CENTER|AV_CH_FRONT_RIGHT_OF_CENTER)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_HEXAGONAL (AV_CH_LAYOUT_5POINT0_BACK|AV_CH_BACK_CENTER)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_6POINT1 (AV_CH_LAYOUT_5POINT1|AV_CH_BACK_CENTER)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_6POINT1_BACK (AV_CH_LAYOUT_5POINT1_BACK|AV_CH_BACK_CENTER)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_6POINT1_FRONT (AV_CH_LAYOUT_6POINT0_FRONT|AV_CH_LOW_FREQUENCY)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_7POINT0 (AV_CH_LAYOUT_5POINT0|AV_CH_BACK_LEFT|AV_CH_BACK_RIGHT)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_7POINT0_FRONT (AV_CH_LAYOUT_5POINT0|AV_CH_FRONT_LEFT_OF_CENTER|AV_CH_FRONT_RIGHT_OF_CENTER)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_7POINT1 (AV_CH_LAYOUT_5POINT1|AV_CH_BACK_LEFT|AV_CH_BACK_RIGHT)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_7POINT1_WIDE (AV_CH_LAYOUT_5POINT1|AV_CH_FRONT_LEFT_OF_CENTER|AV_CH_FRONT_RIGHT_OF_CENTER)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_7POINT1_WIDE_BACK (AV_CH_LAYOUT_5POINT1_BACK|AV_CH_FRONT_LEFT_OF_CENTER|AV_CH_FRONT_RIGHT_OF_CENTER)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_OCTAGONAL (AV_CH_LAYOUT_5POINT0|AV_CH_BACK_LEFT|AV_CH_BACK_CENTER|AV_CH_BACK_RIGHT)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_HEXADECAGONAL (AV_CH_LAYOUT_OCTAGONAL|AV_CH_WIDE_LEFT|AV_CH_WIDE_RIGHT|AV_CH_TOP_BACK_LEFT|AV_CH_TOP_BACK_RIGHT|AV_CH_TOP_BACK_CENTER|AV_CH_TOP_FRONT_CENTER|AV_CH_TOP_FRONT_LEFT|AV_CH_TOP_FRONT_RIGHT)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_STEREO_DOWNMIX (AV_CH_STEREO_LEFT|AV_CH_STEREO_RIGHT)

6.1.2 打开音频设备

 打开音频设备并创建音频处理线程,通过调用SDL_OpenAudio()或SDL_OpenAudioDevice()实现。输入参数是预期的参数,输出参数是实际参数
1) SDL提供两种使音频设备取得音频数据方法:
a. push,SDL以特定的频率调用回调函数,在回调函数中取得音频数据
b. pull,用户程序以特定的频率调用SDL_QueueAudio(),向音频设备提供数据。此种情况wanted_spec.callback=NULL
2) 音频设备打开后播放静音,不启动回调,调用SDL_PauseAudio(0)后启动回调,开始正常播放音频
SDL_OpenAudioDevice()第一个参数为NULL时,等价于SDL_OpenAudio() 

6.2 音频重采样

音频重采样在audio_decode_frame()中实现,audio_decode_frame()就是从音频frame队列中取出一个frame,按指定格式经过重采样后输出。
audio_decode_frame()函数名起得不太好,它只是进行重采样,并不进行解码,叫audio_resample_frame()可能更贴切。
重采样的细节很琐碎,直接看注释:

/**
* Decode one audio frame and return its uncompressed size.
*
* The processed audio frame is decoded, converted if required, and
* stored in is->audio_buf, with size in bytes given by the return
* value.
*/
static int audio_decode_frame(VideoState *is)
{
int data_size, resampled_data_size;
int64_t dec_channel_layout;
av_unused double audio_clock0;
int wanted_nb_samples;
Frame *af;
if (is->paused)
return -1;
do {
#if defined(_WIN32)
while (frame_queue_nb_remaining(&is->sampq) == 0) {
if ((av_gettime_relative() - audio_callback_time) > 1000000LL * is->audio_hw_buf_size / is->audio_tgt.bytes_per_sec / 2)
return -1;
av_usleep (1000);
}
#endif
// 若队列头部可读,则由af指向可读帧
if (!(af = frame_queue_peek_readable(&is->sampq)))
return -1;
frame_queue_next(&is->sampq);
} while (af->serial != is->audioq.serial);
// 根据frame中指定的音频参数获取缓冲区的大小
data_size = av_samples_get_buffer_size(NULL, af->frame->channels, // 本行两参数:linesize,声道数
af->frame->nb_samples, // 本行一参数:本帧中包含的单个声道中的样本数
af->frame->format, 1); // 本行两参数:采样格式,不对齐
// 获取声道布局
dec_channel_layout =
(af->frame->channel_layout && af->frame->channels == av_get_channel_layout_nb_channels(af->frame->channel_layout)) ?
af->frame->channel_layout : av_get_default_channel_layout(af->frame->channels);
// 获取样本数校正值:若同步时钟是音频,则不调整样本数;否则根据同步需要调整样本数
wanted_nb_samples = synchronize_audio(is, af->frame->nb_samples);
// is->audio_tgt是SDL可接受的音频帧数,是audio_open()中取得的参数
// 在audio_open()函数中又有“is->audio_src = is->audio_tgt”
// 此处表示:如果frame中的音频参数 == is->audio_src == is->audio_tgt,那音频重采样的过程就免了(因此时is->swr_ctr是NULL)
// 否则使用frame(源)和is->audio_tgt(目标)中的音频参数来设置is->swr_ctx,并使用frame中的音频参数来赋值is->audio_src
if (af->frame->format != is->audio_src.fmt ||
dec_channel_layout != is->audio_src.channel_layout ||
af->frame->sample_rate != is->audio_src.freq ||
(wanted_nb_samples != af->frame->nb_samples && !is->swr_ctx)) {
swr_free(&is->swr_ctx);
// 使用frame(源)和is->audio_tgt(目标)中的音频参数来设置is->swr_ctx
is->swr_ctx = swr_alloc_set_opts(NULL,
is->audio_tgt.channel_layout, is->audio_tgt.fmt, is->audio_tgt.freq,
dec_channel_layout, af->frame->format, af->frame->sample_rate,
0, NULL);
if (!is->swr_ctx || swr_init(is->swr_ctx) < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR,
"Cannot create sample rate converter for conversion of %d Hz %s %d channels to %d Hz %s %d channels!\n",
af->frame->sample_rate, av_get_sample_fmt_name(af->frame->format), af->frame->channels,
is->audio_tgt.freq, av_get_sample_fmt_name(is->audio_tgt.fmt), is->audio_tgt.channels);
swr_free(&is->swr_ctx);
return -1;
}
// 使用frame中的参数更新is->audio_src,第一次更新后后面基本不用执行此if分支了,因为一个音频流中各frame通用参数一样
is->audio_src.channel_layout = dec_channel_layout;
is->audio_src.channels = af->frame->channels;
is->audio_src.freq = af->frame->sample_rate;
is->audio_src.fmt = af->frame->format;
}
if (is->swr_ctx) {
// 重采样输入参数1:输入音频样本数是af->frame->nb_samples
// 重采样输入参数2:输入音频缓冲区
const uint8_t **in = (const uint8_t **)af->frame->extended_data;
// 重采样输出参数1:输出音频缓冲区尺寸
// 重采样输出参数2:输出音频缓冲区
uint8_t **out = &is->audio_buf1;
// 重采样输出参数:输出音频样本数(多加了256个样本)
int out_count = (int64_t)wanted_nb_samples * is->audio_tgt.freq / af->frame->sample_rate + 256;
// 重采样输出参数:输出音频缓冲区尺寸(以字节为单位)
int out_size = av_samples_get_buffer_size(NULL, is->audio_tgt.channels, out_count, is->audio_tgt.fmt, 0);
int len2;
if (out_size < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "av_samples_get_buffer_size() failed\n");
return -1;
}
// 如果frame中的样本数经过校正,则条件成立
if (wanted_nb_samples != af->frame->nb_samples) {
// 重采样补偿:不清楚参数怎么算的
if (swr_set_compensation(is->swr_ctx, (wanted_nb_samples - af->frame->nb_samples) * is->audio_tgt.freq / af->frame->sample_rate,
wanted_nb_samples * is->audio_tgt.freq / af->frame->sample_rate) < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "swr_set_compensation() failed\n");
return -1;
}
}
av_fast_malloc(&is->audio_buf1, &is->audio_buf1_size, out_size);
if (!is->audio_buf1)
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
// 音频重采样:返回值是重采样后得到的音频数据中单个声道的样本数
len2 = swr_convert(is->swr_ctx, out, out_count, in, af->frame->nb_samples);
if (len2 < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "swr_convert() failed\n");
return -1;
}
if (len2 == out_count) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_WARNING, "audio buffer is probably too small\n");
if (swr_init(is->swr_ctx) < 0)
swr_free(&is->swr_ctx);
}
is->audio_buf = is->audio_buf1;
// 重采样返回的一帧音频数据大小(以字节为单位)
resampled_data_size = len2 * is->audio_tgt.channels * av_get_bytes_per_sample(is->audio_tgt.fmt);
} else {
// 未经重采样,则将指针指向frame中的音频数据
is->audio_buf = af->frame->data[0];
resampled_data_size = data_size;
}
audio_clock0 = is->audio_clock;
/* update the audio clock with the pts */
if (!isnan(af->pts))
is->audio_clock = af->pts + (double) af->frame->nb_samples / af->frame->sample_rate;
else
is->audio_clock = NAN;
is->audio_clock_serial = af->serial;
#ifdef DEBUG
{
static double last_clock;
printf("audio: delay=%0.3f clock=%0.3f clock0=%0.3f\n",
is->audio_clock - last_clock,
is->audio_clock, audio_clock0);
last_clock = is->audio_clock;
}
#endif
return resampled_data_size;
}
版权声明
本文为[叶余]所创,转载请带上原文链接,感谢
https://www.cnblogs.com/leisure_chn/p/10312713.html

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