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MySQL数据库增量日志解析工具canal 实战

小小的太阳 2020-06-03 21:05:39 阅读数:144 评论数:0 点赞数:0 收藏数:0

简介

canal,阿里开源工具,主要用途是基于 MySQL 数据库增量日志解析,提供增量数据订阅和消费

应用场景

  • 数据库实时备份
  • 业务cache刷新
  • 索引构建和实时维护,例:将商品数据推送到es中构建倒排索引
  • 带业务逻辑的增量数据处理,例:增量数据推送到第三方平台

官网

https://github.com/alibaba/canal

原理

image.png

  1. MySQL master将数据写入binlog
  2. canalmaster发送dump协议
  3. master 收到dump请求,推送binlogcanal
  4. canal 解析binlog,可讲数据投递到MQ系统中,目前支持kafkaRocketMQ

安装

配置mysql

建议的mysql版本是5.7.x
mysql8.0.x见官方说明https://github.com/alibaba/ca...

修改mysql配置文件my.cnf

[mysqld]
log-bin=mysql-bin # 开启 binlog
binlog-format=ROW # 选择 ROW 模式
server_id=1

新增用户并授权,测试的话可以直接使用root用户

CREATE USER canal IDENTIFIED BY 'canal';
GRANT SELECT, REPLICATION SLAVE, REPLICATION CLIENT ON *.* TO '123456'@'%';
-- GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'canal'@'%' ;
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

配置canal

查看是否安装java

* canal-admin java -version
java version "1.8.0_251"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_251-b08)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.251-b08, mixed mode)

若没有安装,去oracle官网下载1.8版本(切勿选择高版本),选择适合自己系统的版本安装即可,mac系统下载的dmg,直接点击安装,不再累述image.png

访问release页面,下载最新稳定版1.14
wget https://github.com/alibaba/canal/releases/download/canal-1.1.4/canal.deployer-1.1.4.tar.gz

解压到指定目录

mkdir /tmp/canal
tar zxvf canal.deployer-1.1.4.tar.gz -C /tmp/canal

进入到canal目录,查看文件

  • bin目录:运行命令
  • conf目录:配置文件目录
  • logs目录:记录运行log
  • lib目录:jar包
* ll
total 0
drwxr-xr-x 7 jiao staff 224B 6 3 17:17 bin
drwxr-xr-x 9 jiao staff 288B 6 3 20:12 conf
drwxr-xr-x 83 jiao staff 2.6K 6 1 17:54 lib
drwxr-xr-x 7 jiao staff 224B 6 3 17:05 logs
drwxr-xr-x 7 jiao staff 224B 5 29 17:43 pierced

修改instance配置文件

vi conf/example/instance.properties

配置参数详解:https://github.com/alibaba/ca...

我这里修改了数据连接地址,用户和密码,以及同步规则:只同步test数据库的sc_user表

## mysql serverId
canal.instance.mysql.slaveId = 1234
#position info,需要改成自己的数据库信息
canal.instance.master.address = 127.0.0.1:3306
canal.instance.dbUsername = canal
canal.instance.dbPassword = 123456
#主库binlog文件路径
#canal.instance.standby.journal.name =
#主库binlog偏移量
#canal.instance.standby.position =
canal.instance.filter.regex = test\\.sc_user

修改Server配置文件
vim conf/canal.properties

#tcp bind ip,设置投递到tcp时需设置
canal.ip = 192.168.101.47
#register ip to zookeeper
canal.register.ip = 192.168.101.47
canal.port = 11111
canal.metrics.pull.port = 11112
#canal instance user/passwd
#canal.user = canal
#canal.passwd = E3619321C1A937C46A0D8BD1DAC39F93B27D4458
#canal-admin需设置,先不设置
#canal.admin.manager = 127.0.0.1:8089
canal.admin.port = 11110
canal.admin.user = admin
canal.admin.passwd = 4ACFE3202A5FF5CF467898FC58AAB1D615029441
#zk设置,单机的canal可不设置
canal.zkServers = 127.0.0.1:2181,127.0.0.1:2182,127.0.0.1:2183
#flush data to zk
canal.zookeeper.flush.period = 1000
canal.withoutNetty = false
#tcp, kafka, RocketMQ,投递到哪
canal.serverMode = RocketMQ
#flush meta cursor/parse position to file
canal.file.data.dir = ${canal.conf.dir}
canal.file.flush.period = 1000
##memory store RingBuffer size, should be Math.pow(2,n)
canal.instance.memory.buffer.size = 16384
##memory store RingBuffer used memory unit size , default 1kb
canal.instance.memory.buffer.memunit = 1024
##meory store gets mode used MEMSIZE or ITEMSIZE
canal.instance.memory.batch.mode = MEMSIZE
canal.instance.memory.rawEntry = true
##detecing config
canal.instance.detecting.enable = false
#canal.instance.detecting.sql = insert into retl.xdual values(1,now()) on duplicate key update x=now()
canal.instance.detecting.sql = select 1
canal.instance.detecting.interval.time = 3
canal.instance.detecting.retry.threshold = 3
canal.instance.detecting.heartbeatHaEnable = false
#support maximum transaction size, more than the size of the transaction will be cut into multiple transactions delivery
canal.instance.transaction.size = 1024
#mysql fallback connected to new master should fallback times
canal.instance.fallbackIntervalInSeconds = 60
#network config
canal.instance.network.receiveBufferSize = 16384
canal.instance.network.sendBufferSize = 16384
canal.instance.network.soTimeout = 30
#binlog filter config
canal.instance.filter.druid.ddl = true
canal.instance.filter.query.dcl = false
canal.instance.filter.query.dml = false
canal.instance.filter.query.ddl = false
canal.instance.filter.table.error = false
canal.instance.filter.rows = false
canal.instance.filter.transaction.entry = false
#binlog format/image check
canal.instance.binlog.format = ROW,STATEMENT,MIXED
canal.instance.binlog.image = FULL,MINIMAL,NOBLOB
#binlog ddl isolation
canal.instance.get.ddl.isolation = false
#parallel parser config
canal.instance.parser.parallel = true
##concurrent thread number, default 60% available processors, suggest not to exceed Runtime.getRuntime().availableProcessors()
#canal.instance.parser.parallelThreadSize = 16
##disruptor ringbuffer size, must be power of 2
canal.instance.parser.parallelBufferSize = 256
#table meta tsdb info
canal.instance.tsdb.enable = true
canal.instance.tsdb.dir = ${canal.file.data.dir:../conf}/${canal.instance.destination:}
canal.instance.tsdb.url = jdbc:h2:${canal.instance.tsdb.dir}/h2;CACHE_SIZE=1000;MODE=MYSQL;
canal.instance.tsdb.dbUsername = canal
canal.instance.tsdb.dbPassword = canal
#dump snapshot interval, default 24 hour
canal.instance.tsdb.snapshot.interval = 24
#purge snapshot expire , default 360 hour(15 days)
canal.instance.tsdb.snapshot.expire = 360
#aliyun ak/sk , support rds/mq
canal.aliyun.accessKey =
canal.aliyun.secretKey =
#################################################
######### destinations #############
#################################################
#使用的instance,可设置上面定义的example
canal.destinations = example
#conf root dir
canal.conf.dir = ../conf
#auto scan instance dir add/remove and start/stop instance
canal.auto.scan = true
canal.auto.scan.interval = 5
canal.instance.tsdb.spring.xml = classpath:spring/tsdb/h2-tsdb.xml
#canal.instance.tsdb.spring.xml = classpath:spring/tsdb/mysql-tsdb.xml
canal.instance.global.mode = manager
canal.instance.global.lazy = false
canal.instance.global.manager.address = ${canal.admin.manager}
#canal.instance.global.spring.xml = classpath:spring/memory-instance.xml
canal.instance.global.spring.xml = classpath:spring/file-instance.xml
#canal.instance.global.spring.xml = classpath:spring/default-instance.xml
##################################################
######### MQ #############
##################################################
#rocketmq地址设置
canal.mq.servers = 192.168.101.47:9876
canal.mq.retries = 0
canal.mq.batchSize = 16384
canal.mq.maxRequestSize = 1048576
canal.mq.lingerMs = 100
canal.mq.bufferMemory = 33554432
canal.mq.canalBatchSize = 50
canal.mq.canalGetTimeout = 100
canal.mq.flatMessage = true
canal.mq.compressionType = none
canal.mq.acks = all
#canal.mq.properties. =
canal.mq.producerGroup = test
#Set this value to "cloud", if you want open message trace feature in aliyun.
canal.mq.accessChannel = local
#aliyun mq namespace
#canal.mq.namespace =
##################################################
######### Kafka Kerberos Info #############
##################################################
canal.mq.kafka.kerberos.enable = false
canal.mq.kafka.kerberos.krb5FilePath = "../conf/kerberos/krb5.conf"
canal.mq.kafka.kerberos.jaasFilePath = "../conf/kerberos/jaas.conf"

测试tcp

下载canal php客户端: https://github.com/xingwenge/canal-php

修改src/sample/client.php文件

<?php
namespace xingwenge\canal_php\sample;
use xingwenge\canal_php\CanalClient;
use xingwenge\canal_php\CanalConnectorFactory;
use xingwenge\canal_php\Fmt;
require_once __DIR__ . '/../../vendor/autoload.php';
ini_set('display_errors', 'On');
error_reporting(E_ALL);
try {
$host = '192.168.101.47';//canal server地址
$client = CanalConnectorFactory::createClient(CanalClient::TYPE_SOCKET);
# $client = CanalConnectorFactory::createClient(CanalClient::TYPE_SWOOLE);
$client->connect($host, 11111);
$client->checkValid('canal','E3619321C1A937C46A0D8BD1DAC39F93B27D4458');//认证信息,对于canal.properties配置的canal.user 和canal.passwd
// $client->subscribe("1001", "example", ".*\\..*");
$client->subscribe("1001", "example", "test.sc_user"); # 设置过滤规则
while (true) {
$message = $client->get(100);
if ($entries = $message->getEntries()) {
foreach ($entries as $entry) {
Fmt::println($entry);
}
}
sleep(1);
}
$client->disConnect();
} catch (\Exception $e) {
echo $e->getMessage(), PHP_EOL;
}

运行canal
sh bin/startup.sh
查看log是否有错误信息
tail -n 50 -f logs/example/example.log
输出一下内容说明canal已正常启动,canal已成功连接mysql准备发送dump指令同步数据

2020-06-03 19:30:47.625 [destination = example , address = /127.0.0.1:3307 , EventParser] WARN c.a.o.c.p.inbound.mysql.rds.RdsBinlogEventParserProxy - ---> find start position successfully, EntryPosition[included=false,journalName=mysql-bin.000001,position=303179,serverId=1,gtid=,timestamp=1591183839000] cost : 5ms , the next step is binlog dump

运行php client.php,并在数据库sc_user表中修改一条数据,可以看到client输出了数据库修改的内容
`================> binlog[mysql-bin.000001 : 208118],name[wcc-scm-service,sc_status_history], eventType: 2

-------> before
status_history_id : 2543 update= false
record_id : 662 update= false
status_type : 151 update= false
old_status : 158 update= false
new_status : 153 update= false
opt_type : SELLER_REVOKE update= false
user_id : 282 update= false
user_name : 加工厂1 update= false
remark : update= false
created : 2020-05-28 18:40:02 update= false
-------> after
status_history_id : 2543 update= false
record_id : 662 update= false
status_type : 151 update= false
old_status : 158 update= false
new_status : 153 update= false
opt_type : SELLER_REVOKE update= false
user_id : 282 update= false
user_name : 加工厂12 update= true
remark : update= false
created : 2020-05-28 18:40:02 update= false
TSocket: Could not read 4 bytes from 192.168.101.47:11111`

测试RocketMQ

安装RocketMQ

这里直接在docker里安装

  1. 安装server

docker run -d -p 9876:9876 --name rocketmq-server -e "MAX\_POSSIBLE\_HEAP=100000000" rocketmqinc/rocketmq sh mqnamesrv

  1. 新增配置文件

echo "brokerIP1=192.168.101.47" > broker.properties

  1. 安装broker/path/broker.properties替换成第2步文件路径

docker run -d -p 10911:10911 -p 10909:10909 -v /path/broker.properties:/opt/rocketmq-4.4.0/bin/broker.properties --name rocketmq-broker --link rocketmq-server -e "NAMESRV\_ADDR=rocketmq-server:9876" -e "MAX\_POSSIBLE\_HEAP=200000000" rocketmqinc/rocketmq sh mqbroker -c broker.properties

  1. 安装RocketMQ Web

docker run -e "JAVA\_OPTS=-Drocketmq.namesrv.addr=192.168.101.47:9876 -Dcom.rocketmq.sendMessageWithVIPChannel=false" -p 8080:8080 -t styletang/rocketmq-console-ng -d

访问Rocket管理页面
http://localhost:8080/#/message

修改配置文件

修改canal.properties
投递到tcp修改成投递到RocketMQ
`canal.serverMode = RocketMQ
canal.mq.servers = 192.168.101.47:9876`

运行canal

sh bin/startup.sh
查看log文件,排查是否有错误
tail -n 50 -f logs/canal/canal.log
tail -n 50 -f logs/example/example.log

顺利的话,在RocketMQ中可以查看到,新增的Topic和Message

版权声明
本文为[小小的太阳]所创,转载请带上原文链接,感谢
https://segmentfault.com/a/1190000022830174