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Angular7 Drag and Drop

Sunny~、 2019-02-13 17:25:00 阅读数:332 评论数:0 点赞数:0 收藏数:0

完整代码在最后,下面讲解以此代码为例

 

1.环境配置

1.1 安装@angular/material、@angular/cdk

cnpm install --save @angular/material @angular/cdk

1.2 app.modules.ts导入

import { DragDropModule } from '@angular/cdk/drag-drop';

imports: [

...

DragDropModule

]

2.功能实现

2.1 拖拽

html编辑如下代码即可:

<div cdkDrag class="drag-box"
drag me
</div>

2.2 排序

html:

<h3>列表排序</h3>
<div class="box-list" cdkDropList (cdkDropListDropped)="drop($event)">
<div class="drag-box" *ngFor="let customer of customers" cdkDrag>
{{customer.name}}
</div>
</div>

ts:

import { ...CdkDragDrop, moveItemInArray } from '@angular/cdk/drag-drop';
customers = [
{ name: 'Adam', age: 23 },
{ name: 'Jack', age: 27 },
{ name: 'Katherin', age: 26 },
{ name: 'John', age: 30 },
{ name: 'Watson', age: 42 },
];
drop(event: CdkDragDrop<string[]>) {
console.log('列表排序:', event, this.customers);
moveItemInArray(this.customers, event.previousIndex, event.currentIndex);
}

执行如下操作:

打印结果:

 

2.3 横向排序

html:

<h3>横向排序</h3>
<div class="box-list-horizontal" cdkDropList cdkDropListOrientation="horizontal"
(cdkDropListDropped)="drop($event)">
<div class="drag-box" *ngFor="let customer of customers" cdkDrag>
{{customer.name}}
</div>
</div>

2.4 添加动画效果

为了设置动画,我们定义了一个以transform属性为目标的转换。拖放CDK支持动画:

 

--对列表中的元素进行拖动排序时的动画=> .cdk-drag

.cdk-drag {
transition: transform 100ms ease;
}

--从动画的位置到最终把它放在列表的位置上时的动画=> .cdk-drag-animating

.cdk-drag-animating {
transition: transform 300ms ease;
}

 

2.5 占位符元素 placeholder

默认占位符

使用.cdk-drag-placeholder来显示占位符元素,而不是实际的元素,因为它是在cdkDropList中拖动的。默认情况下,这看起来与正在排序的元素完全相同。

.cdk-drag-placeholder {
background: #ccc;
border: dotted 1px #999;
transition: transform 500ms ease;
}

拖拽时效果如下图:

 

自定义占位符

使用*cdkDragPlaceholder指令,我们可以用一个自定义的占位符来代替默认的占位符

html:

<div class="box-list customph" cdkDropList (cdkDropListDropped)="drop($event)">
<div class="drag-box dragList" *ngFor="let customer of customers" cdkDrag >
<div class="box-custom-placeholder" *cdkDragPlaceholder></div>
{{customer.name}}
</div>
</div>

css:

// 自定义占位符
.customph{
.box-custom-placeholder {
height: 28px;
width: 100px;
background: #fff;
border: dotted 1px #0084ff;
transition: transform 200ms ease;
}
&.box-list.cdk-drop-list-dragging .drag-box:not(.cdk-drag-placeholder) {
transition: transform 500ms ease;
}
}

2.6 预览

当提取并拖动cdkDrag元素时,可以看到预览元素。默认情况下,预览元素看起来与被拖动的元素完全相同。

使用.cdk-drag-preview来定义预览CSS:

// 预览
.cdk-drag-preview {
height: 28px;
width: 100px;
box-shadow: 0 3px 3px -3px #0084ff;
}

我们还需要使用*cdkDragPreview提供一个自定义模板:

<div cdkDropList class="box-list" (cdkDropListDropped)="drop($event)">
<div class="drag-box dragList" *ngFor="let customer of customers" cdkDrag>
{{customer.name}}
<p *cdkDragPreview>Age: {{customer.age}}</p>
</div>
</div>

2.7 多个列表之间拖拽

我们可以使用cdkDropListConnectedTo属性将一个或多个cdkDropList连接到一起。然后设置cdkDropListDatacdkDragData,将数据与cdkDropListcdkDrag关联起来。

html:

<div class="box-list" cdkDropList #inactiveList="cdkDropList" id="Inactive Customers"
[cdkDropListData]="inactiveCustomers" [cdkDropListConnectedTo]="[activeList]"
(cdkDropListDropped)="drop1($event)">
<div class="drag-box dragList"
[cdkDragData]="customer"
*ngFor="let customer of inactiveCustomers"
cdkDrag>
{{customer.name}}
</div>
</div>
<div class="box-list" cdkDropList #activeList="cdkDropList" id="Active Customers"
[cdkDropListData]="activeCustomers" [cdkDropListConnectedTo]="[inactiveList]"
(cdkDropListDropped)="drop1($event)">
<div class="drag-box dragList"
[cdkDragData]="customer"
*ngFor="let customer of activeCustomers"
cdkDrag>
{{customer.name}}
</div>
</div>

ts:

import { ...transferArrayItem } from '@angular/cdk/drag-drop';
inactiveCustomers = [
{name: 'Jack', age: 18},
{name: 'Katherin', age: 16},
{name: 'Adam', age: 36}
];
activeCustomers = [
{name: 'John', age: 10},
{name: 'Watson', age: 24}
];
drop1(event: CdkDragDrop<string[]>) {
console.log('拖拽事件:event', event);
if (event.previousContainer === event.container) {
console.log('拖拽事件',
`> 拖 '${event.item.data}' 到 '${event.container.id}'`);
moveItemInArray(event.container.data, event.previousIndex, event.currentIndex);
} else {
console.log('拖拽事件',
`> 拖 '${event.item.data}' 到 '${event.container.id}'`);
transferArrayItem(
event.previousContainer.data, event.container.data,
event.previousIndex, event.currentIndex);
}
}

执行如下操作:

打印结果:

 

 

 

CdkDropListGroup

CdkDropListGroup指令的范围比CdkDropList要大一级。CdkDropListGroup可以包含多个CdkDropList。而且当CdkDropListGroup包含多个CdkDropList的时候,这些CdkDropList直接是相互connect(CdkDropList就不用去写cdkDropListConnectedTo属性了)

 

<div cdkDropListGroup>
<div class="box-list" cdkDropList id="Inactive Customers"
[cdkDropListData]="inactiveCustomers"
(cdkDropListDropped)="drop1($event)">
<div class="drag-box dragList" [cdkDragData]="customer"
*ngFor="let customer of inactiveCustomers" cdkDrag>
{{customer.name}}
</div>
</div>
<div class="box-list" cdkDropList id="Active Customers"
[cdkDropListData]="activeCustomers"
(cdkDropListDropped)="drop1($event)">
<div class="drag-box dragList"
[cdkDragData]="customer"
*ngFor="let customer of activeCustomers"
cdkDrag>
{{customer.name}}
</div>
</div>
</div>

2.8 事件监听

Drag Event Handlers

cdkDragStarted: 当用户开始拖动时发出。

cdkDragEnded: 当用户停止拖动时发出。

cdkDragEntered: item移动到新容器中时发出。

cdkDragExited: item移出当前容器时发出。

 

 

Drop Event Handlers

 

cdkDropListDropped: emits when an item was dropped inside the container.

 

cdkDropListEntered: emits when a new item is dragged into this container.

 

cdkDropListExited: emits when an item is dragged from this container into another container.

 

 

 

cdkDragStarted、cdkDragEnded、cdkDragMoved

 

html:

 

<h3>事件监听</h3>
<div cdkDrag class="drag-box"
(cdkDragStarted)="dragStarted($event)"
(cdkDragEnded)="dragEnded($event)"
(cdkDragMoved)="dragMoved($event)"
>
drag me
</div>
<p>{{state}} {{position}}</p>

 

ts:

import { CdkDragEnd, CdkDragStart, CdkDragMove... } from '@angular/cdk/drag-drop';
dragStarted(event: CdkDragStart) {
this.state = '拖拽开始';
console.log('拖拽开始');
}
dragEnded(event: CdkDragEnd) {
this.state = '拖拽结束';
console.log('拖拽结束');
}
dragMoved(event: CdkDragMove) {
console.log('dragMoved');
this.position = `> Position X: ${event.pointerPosition.x} - Y: ${event.pointerPosition.y}`;
}

cdkDropListEntered、cdkDropListExited、cdkDragEntered、cdkDragExited

html:

<div class="box-list" cdkDropList #inactiveList="cdkDropList" id="Inactive Customers"
[cdkDropListData]="inactiveCustomers" [cdkDropListConnectedTo]="[activeList]"
(cdkDropListDropped)="drop1($event)"
(cdkDropListEntered)="dropListEntered($event)" (cdkDropListExited)="dropListExited($event)">
<div class="drag-box dragList" [cdkDragData]="customer"
(cdkDragEntered)="dragEntered($event)" (cdkDragExited)="dragExited($event)"
*ngFor="let customer of inactiveCustomers"
cdkDrag>
{{customer}}
</div>
</div>
<div class="box-list" cdkDropList #activeList="cdkDropList" id="Active Customers"
[cdkDropListData]="activeCustomers" [cdkDropListConnectedTo]="[inactiveList]"
(cdkDropListDropped)="drop1($event)">
<div class="drag-box dragList"
[cdkDragData]="customer"
*ngFor="let customer of activeCustomers"
cdkDrag>
{{customer}}
</div>
</div>

ts:

import { ...CdkDragEnter, CdkDragExit} from '@angular/cdk/drag-drop';
dragEntered(event: CdkDragEnter) {
console.log(`drag:把 '${event.item.data}' 拖进 '${event.container.id}' `);
}
dragExited(event: CdkDragExit) {
console.log(`drag:把 '${event.item.data}' 从 '${event.container.id}' 中拖出 `);
}
dropListEntered(event: CdkDragEnter) {
console.log(`drop:'${event.container.id}' 中拖进了 '${event.item.data}'`);
}
dropListExited(event: CdkDragExit) {
console.log(`drop:从 '${event.container.id}' 中拖出 '${event.item.data}'`);
}

执行如下操作

 

打印结果:

 

再執行如下操作:

   

打印结果:

 

 

cdkDropListSorted

拖拽过程中交换item的时候回调

 

<div class="box-list" cdkDropList #activeList="cdkDropList" id="Active Customers"
[cdkDropListData]="activeCustomers" [cdkDropListConnectedTo]="[inactiveList]"
(cdkDropListDropped)="drop1($event)"
(cdkDropListSorted)="dropListSorted($event)">
<div class="drag-box dragList"
[cdkDragData]="customer"
*ngFor="let customer of activeCustomers"
cdkDrag>
{{customer.name}}
</div>
</div>

ts:

 dropListSorted(event: CdkDropList) {
console.log('Sorted:', event);
}

2.9 属性

cdkDropListEnterPredicate

enterPredicate: (drag: CdkDrag, drop: CdkDropList) => boolean

指定哪些item是可以拖拽到当前容器

 html:

<div class="box-list" cdkDropList #activeList="cdkDropList" id="Active Customers"
[cdkDropListData]="activeCustomers" [cdkDropListConnectedTo]="[inactiveList]"
(cdkDropListDropped)="drop1($event)" [cdkDropListEnterPredicate]="predicate">
<div class="drag-box dragList"
[cdkDragData]="customer"
*ngFor="let customer of activeCustomers"
cdkDrag>
{{customer.name}}
</div>
</div>

ts:

import { ...CdkDrag, CdkDropList } from '@angular/cdk/drag-drop';
predicate(drag: CdkDrag, drop: CdkDropList) {
console.log('predicate:', drag, drop);
return drag.data.age >= 18;
}

CdkDrag属性:

 

CdkDropList属性

 

代码:

html:

<div class="drag-box" cdkDrag>
drag me
</div>
<h3>锁定方向</h3>
<div class="drag-box" cdkDragLockAxis="y" cdkDrag>
only up/down
</div>
<div class="drag-box" cdkDragLockAxis="x" cdkDrag>
only left/right
</div>
<h3>事件监听</h3>
<div cdkDrag class="drag-box"
(cdkDragStarted)="dragStarted($event)"
(cdkDragEnded)="dragEnded($event)"
(cdkDragMoved)="dragMoved($event)"
>
drag me
</div>
<p>{{state}} {{position}}</p>
<h3>拖拽handler</h3>
<div class="drag-box-with-handler drag-box" cdkDrag>
<div class="box-handler" cdkDragHandle>
点我拖拽
</div>
</div>
<h3>列表排序</h3>
<div class="box-list" cdkDropList (cdkDropListDropped)="drop($event)">
<div class="drag-box dragList" *ngFor="let customer of customers" cdkDrag>
{{customer.name}}
</div>
</div>
<h3>横向排序</h3>
<div class="box-list-horizontal" cdkDropList cdkDropListOrientation="horizontal"
(cdkDropListDropped)="drop($event)">
<div class="drag-box dragListH" *ngFor="let customer of customers" cdkDrag>
{{customer.name}}
</div>
</div>
<h3>placeholder 默认占位符元素</h3>
<div>使用.cdk-drag-placeholder来显示占位符元素,而不是实际的元素,
因为它是在cdkDropList中拖动的。默认情况下,占位符元素看起来与正在排序的元素完全相同。</div>
<div class="box-list defplaceh" cdkDropList (cdkDropListDropped)="drop($event)">
<div class="drag-box dragList" *ngFor="let customer of customers" cdkDrag>
{{customer.name}}
</div>
</div>
<h3>placeholder 自定义占位符元素</h3>
<div>使用*cdkDragPlaceholder指令,我们可以用一个自定义的占位符来代替默认的占位符</div>
<div class="box-list customph" cdkDropList (cdkDropListDropped)="drop($event)">
<div class="drag-box dragList" *ngFor="let customer of customers" cdkDrag >
<div class="box-custom-placeholder" *cdkDragPlaceholder></div>
{{customer.name}}
</div>
</div>
<h3>预览 Preview</h3>
<div>当提取并拖动cdkDrag元素时,可以看到预览元素。默认情况下,
预览元素看起来与被拖动的元素完全相同。</div>
<div cdkDropList class="box-list" (cdkDropListDropped)="drop($event)">
<div class="drag-box dragList" *ngFor="let customer of customers" cdkDrag>
{{customer.name}}
<p *cdkDragPreview>Age: {{customer.age}}</p>
</div>
</div>
<h3>两个列表间拖放</h3>
<div class="twoList">
<div class="box-list" cdkDropList #inactiveList="cdkDropList" id = "Inactive Customers"
[cdkDropListData]="inactiveCustomers" [cdkDropListConnectedTo]="[activeList]"
(cdkDropListDropped)="drop1($event)"
(cdkDropListEntered)="dropListEntered($event)" (cdkDropListExited)="dropListExited($event)"
[cdkDropListEnterPredicate]="predicate"
>
<div class="drag-box dragList" [cdkDragData]="customer"
(cdkDragEntered)="dragEntered($event)" (cdkDragExited)="dragExited($event)"
*ngFor="let customer of inactiveCustomers;isLast as last"
cdkDrag>
{{customer.name}}
</div>
</div>
<div class="box-list" cdkDropList #activeList="cdkDropList" id = "Active Customers"
[cdkDropListData]="activeCustomers" [cdkDropListConnectedTo]="[inactiveList]"
(cdkDropListDropped)="drop1($event)" [cdkDropListEnterPredicate]="predicate"
(cdkDropListSorted)="dropListSorted($event)"
>
<div
class="drag-box dragList"
[cdkDragData]="customer"
*ngFor="let customer of activeCustomers"
cdkDrag>
{{customer.name}}
</div>
</div>
</div>
<!-- <h3>两个列表间拖放 cdkDropListGroup</h3>
<div class="twoList" cdkDropListGroup>
<div class="box-list" cdkDropList id = "Inactive Customers"
[cdkDropListData]="inactiveCustomers"
(cdkDropListDropped)="drop1($event)">
<div class="drag-box dragList" [cdkDragData]="customer"
*ngFor="let customer of inactiveCustomers" cdkDrag>
{{customer.name}}
</div>
</div>
<div class="box-list" cdkDropList id = "Active Customers"
[cdkDropListData]="activeCustomers"
(cdkDropListDropped)="drop1($event)">
<div
class="drag-box dragList"
[cdkDragData]="customer"
*ngFor="let customer of activeCustomers"
cdkDrag>
{{customer.name}}
</div>
</div>
</div> -->

ts:

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { CdkDragEnd, CdkDragStart, CdkDragMove,
CdkDragDrop, CdkDragEnter, CdkDragExit, moveItemInArray,
transferArrayItem, CdkDrag, CdkDropList } from '@angular/cdk/drag-drop';
@Component({
selector: 'app-drag-drop',
templateUrl: './drag-drop.component.html',
styleUrls: ['./drag-drop.component.scss']
})
export class DragDropComponent implements OnInit {
state = '';
position = '';
customers = [
{ name: 'Adam', age: 23 },
{ name: 'Jack', age: 27 },
{ name: 'Katherin', age: 26 },
{ name: 'John', age: 30 },
{ name: 'Watson', age: 42 },
];
inactiveCustomers = [
{name: 'Jack', age: 18},
{name: 'Katherin', age: 16},
{name: 'Adam', age: 36}
];
activeCustomers = [
{name: 'John', age: 10},
{name: 'Watson', age: 24}
];
constructor() { }
ngOnInit() {
}
dragStarted(event: CdkDragStart) {
this.state = '拖拽开始';
console.log('拖拽开始');
}
dragEnded(event: CdkDragEnd) {
this.state = '拖拽结束';
console.log('拖拽结束');
}
dragMoved(event: CdkDragMove) {
console.log('dragMoved');
this.position = `> Position X: ${event.pointerPosition.x} - Y: ${event.pointerPosition.y}`;
}
dragEntered(event: CdkDragEnter) {
console.log(`drag:把 '${event.item.data}' 拖进 '${event.container.id}' `);
}
dragExited(event: CdkDragExit) {
console.log(`drag:把 '${event.item.data}' 从 '${event.container.id}' 中拖出 `);
}
dropListEntered(event: CdkDragEnter) {
console.log(`drop:'${event.container.id}' 中拖进了 '${event.item.data}'`);
}
dropListExited(event: CdkDragExit) {
console.log(`drop:从 '${event.container.id}' 中拖出 '${event.item.data}'`);
}
drop(event: CdkDragDrop<string[]>) {
console.log('列表排序:', event, this.customers);
moveItemInArray(this.customers, event.previousIndex, event.currentIndex);
}
drop1(event: CdkDragDrop<string[]>) {
console.log('拖拽事件:event', event);
if (event.previousContainer === event.container) {
console.log('拖拽事件',
`> 拖 '${event.item.data}' 到 '${event.container.id}'`);
moveItemInArray(event.container.data, event.previousIndex, event.currentIndex);
} else {
console.log('拖拽事件',
`> 拖 '${event.item.data}' 到 '${event.container.id}'`);
transferArrayItem(
event.previousContainer.data, event.container.data,
event.previousIndex, event.currentIndex);
}
}
predicate(drag: CdkDrag, drop: CdkDropList) {
console.log('predicate:', drag, drop);
return drag.data.age >= 18;
}
dropListSorted(event: CdkDropList) {
console.log('Sorted:', event);
}
}

app.module.ts

import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { ScrollingModule } from '@angular/cdk/scrolling';
import { MatCardModule } from '@angular/material';
import { DragDropModule } from '@angular/cdk/drag-drop';
// import { VIEWPORT_RULER_PROVIDER } from '@angular/cdk/scrolling';
import { AppRoutingModule } from './app-routing.module';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import { VirtualScrollComponent } from './virtual-scroll/virtual-scroll.component';
import { DragDropComponent } from './drag-drop/drag-drop.component';
@NgModule({
declarations: [
AppComponent,
VirtualScrollComponent,
DragDropComponent
],
imports: [
BrowserModule,
AppRoutingModule,
ScrollingModule,
MatCardModule,
DragDropModule
],
providers: [],
bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule { }

 css:

.drag-box{
height: 100px;
width: 100px;
border: 1px solid #000;
}
.box-handler{
width: 100%;
height: 20px;
background: #ccc;
}
.dragList{
height: 28px;
margin: 5px 0;
}
.dragListH{
display: inline-block;
margin: 0 5px;
height: 28px;
width: 55px;
}
// 动画效果
// .cdk-drag {
// transition: transform 100ms ease;
// }
.cdk-drag-animating {
transition: transform 300ms ease;
}
// 占位符 默认 placeholder
.defplaceh .cdk-drag-placeholder {
background: #ccc;
border: dotted 1px #999;
transition: transform 500ms ease;
}
// 自定义占位符
.customph{
.box-custom-placeholder {
height: 28px;
width: 100px;
background: #fff;
border: dotted 1px #0084ff;
transition: transform 200ms ease;
}
&.box-list.cdk-drop-list-dragging .drag-box:not(.cdk-drag-placeholder) {
transition: transform 500ms ease;
}
}
// 预览
.cdk-drag-preview {
height: 28px;
width: 100px;
box-shadow: 0 3px 3px -3px #0084ff;
}
.twoList{
overflow: hidden;
>div{
float: left;
margin: 10px;
}
}

版权声明
本文为[Sunny~、]所创,转载请带上原文链接,感谢
https://www.cnblogs.com/SPHmomo/p/10370707.html

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